Why Education Matters
There is a link between levels of education (years of schooling or the number of degrees obtained) and health.
Lower levels of education are linked to:
- Shorter lives
- More illness and injuries
- Unhealthy habits
- Risky behaviours
- Less community participation
- Need for social assistance
- Involvement with the criminal and justice system
Education outcomes can be greatly affected by health, as well. For example, students who have ongoing health issues, chronic stress or hunger may have trouble attending or doing well in school. The education level of parents is also linked to their children’s health and well-being.
Increasing levels of education can improve health by:
- Increasing health knowledge, literacy, coping, and problem-solving skills, and influencing health behaviors
- Improving job opportunities and related benefits, such as income (another determinant of health)
- Enhancing social and mental health factors, like self-confidence and social supports